Can group farms outperform individual family farms? Empirical insights from India (2018) Bina Agarwal/ World Development
: JIEUN KIM
2018. 12. 05 (Wed) ? 12:00 ~ 13:50
Seminar room 406, Graduate School of International Agricultural Technology
6. Main contents
○ The productivity and profitability of group farms comparing to individual family farms in same region.
○ The difference of performance among group farms in different regions.
○ Additional sociological impacts which group farming brings about.
○ Production Function and OLS, Ordinary Least Squared regression
○ Productivity of group farms in Telangana is worse than its individual farms. However, Kerala’s group farms do much better on productivity than its individual farms.
○ Profitability of both region’s group farms is much better than its individual farms. Especially, group farms in Kerala get five times higher net returns per farm than its individual farms.
○ Thanks to group farming, marginalized women who participated group farming increase their bargaining power and access to government officials. Moreover, members in group farms have gained from technical training in agricultural practices. Lastly, they can improve negotiation power in multiple markets such as for land, inputs and outputs.
○ Nevertheless group farming can achieve economical fruits and improve their social state, there are difficulties on leasing lands which have good quality.