Making Progress toward food security: Evidence from an intervention in three rural district of Rwanda/ Public Health Nutrition:19(7), 1296-1304
March 20 (Wed.), 2019 12:00-13:00
Seminar room 406, Graduate School of International Agricultural Technology
6. Main contents
○ Partner in Health (US-based non-governmental health organization operating in Rwanda) launched a food security livelihood program(FSLP) to increase food security for extremely poor and vulnerable households in three district of Rwanda in 2013. The multifaceted intervention package including agricultural inputs support, small livestock project, microloans and nutrition education.
○ After 12month Implementation of the program, the study team conducted a survey to assess Household Food Insecurity Access Scale(HFIAS) score and Food Consumption Score(FCS) of the households as mi-term evaluation. 600 households in three district of Rwanda benefitted the program and their food security related data were collected and two internationally developed measurement tools, HFIAS and FCS were used to evaluate the program.
○ There were significant improvement in HFIAS and FCS. Severe food unsecurity decreased from 78% to 49% while acceptable food consumption improved from 48% to 64%. The considerable improvement in food security might be associated with the integrated package program.
○ Before and After Intervention study
○ It showed a good example of well-designed before and after intervention study case and using not only Food security but also Household Food Insecurity Access Scale.
○ However, due to lack of control group, the study has limitation to explain the effect of each program in detail. It is also difficult to interpret such improvement of the food security status in short period of time as sole treatment effect of the program.